Gyula Košice

(b. 1924)

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(1924– )

Argentinian sculptor and Kinetic artist. He was born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia), as Fernando Fallik and moved to Argentina with his parents when he was four. He studied at the Academia Bellas Artes in Buenos Aires but considers himself largely self-taught. In 1946 he was one of the founders of Madí (the origin of the name is uncertain), an avant-garde group that has been seen as the forerunner of international Fluxus. Its manifesto, written by Košice, calls for a kind of universal art incorporating music, dance, poetry, and architecture. The argument was that bourgeois realism was in decline but that abstraction was too tied to the old academic techniques. Madí artists drew on Dada and Russian Constructivism, using shaped, uneven surfaces or moveable parts. He is regarded as one of the founders of Constructivism in Argentina and his work often uses modern industrial materials; he was one of the first artists anywhere to incorporate neon tubing (see Light art) in a work (MADI Neon No. 3, Musée de Grenoble, 1946). His best-known works are his Hydrosculptures, which use jets or sheets of water. In 1965 he made a proposal for ‘hydro-kinetic cities’, a form of ‘town-planning for space’ which would take advantage of the lack of gravity to build cities supported by water vapour. In 1988 he was commissioned to make a sculpture for the Seoul Olympic Games and in 2000 he created a Monument to Democracy in Buenos Aires.

http://www.kosice.com.ar/english/index.html The artist's website.

Subjects: Art.

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