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An esoteric Tantric Śaiva system, developed in Kashmir, and closely related to the Trika and Kaula traditions. (It appears to have evolved from the latter's ‘northern’ line of transmission.) The focus of Krama worship is the unmarried goddess Kālasaṃkarṣiṇī, regarded, like everything else, as a manifestation of pure, or undifferentiated consciousness. Its ritual requires the offering of what, from the Brahmanical perspective, are impure substances. The theoretical, yogic, and ritual aspects of the Krama receive their most sophisticated treatment in the works of Abhinavagupta.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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