A Modernist German architect and designer of furniture and fitments, Kramer's reputation mainly derived from the work that he carried out on the Neue Frankfurt (the New Frankfurt) project under the leadership of Municipal Architect Ernst May. He had studied architecture in Munich immediately after the First World War, followed by a brief spell at the Weimar Bauhaus. He contributed a number of designs to the Deutscher Werkbund's 1924 exhibition entitled Form ohne Ornament (Form without Ornament) that was committed to the rejection of historical ornament, as well as the individualism of Expressionism. In 1925 he joined the municipal architecture at Frankfurt where, in addition to working on a number of housing projects, he also designed standardized related furniture and household equipment, including an efficient coal‐burning stove, lighting, and door handles. Other designs that he produced during these years included the 1927 Kramerstuhl (Kramer Chair) and the 1929 combined wardrobe and linen chest, both manufactured by Thonet. Family concerns forced him to emigrate to the USA in 1938, returning to Frankfurt in 1952.
Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.