(Wagner: Die Meister‐singer von Nürnberg). Bass. A baker. A senior Master, he reads the rules to new members. He calls the roll of the masters who have been invited to attend the song contest and they answer to their names. One of the Masters is found to be absent because of illness and Kothner asks his apprentice to wish him good health. Kothner invites the others to say who will enter the competition to win the prize of Eva's hand in marriage—and adds that they must, of course, be bachelors. He becomes quite cross with Pogner who, as Eva's father, recommends the young knight Walther von Stolzing, and Kothner insists that Walther must undergo the tests like everyone else—he cannot be given preferential treatment to join their guild just because he is a knight. The apprentices hold the tablet on which the rules are written and Kothner reads them to Walther. Walther's singing causes great amusement and mutterings and Kothner loses control of the proceedings. Aria: Was euch zum Leide Richt, und Schnur, vernehmt nun aus der Tabulatur (‘To make your footsteps safe and sure, these rules come from the Tabulatur’). Created (1868) by Karl Fischer.