(b Erlangen, 8 June 1863; d Wörthsee, 6 Sept 1941). German tenor. He studied in Munich with Anna Schimon-Regan, and later in Milan with Cesare Galliera. He made his début at Mannheim in 1893 as Tamino; after two seasons with the Damrosch Opera Company in the USA he was engaged as leading Heldentenor at the Royal Opera House, Berlin (later Staatsoper), from 1898 to 1924. He sang regularly at Bayreuth from 1899 to 1909 as Walther, Erik, Siegmund and Siegfried, and created Heinrich in Ethel Smyth's Der Wald (1902). He sang the title role in the German première of Dalibor (1904) and Herod in the first London Salome at Covent Garden in 1910, having already appeared there between 1900 and 1907 in the Wagnerian repertory. He sang at the Metropolitan during the 1903–4 season, making his début as Siegmund. Kraus was one of the earliest Wagner singers to record extensively, the early process catching some hardness in his forceful tenor. His son Richard Kraus was a conductor.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.