Clemens Krauss


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(b Vienna, 1893; d Mexico City, 1954).

Austrian conductor. Opera début Brno 1913 (Zar und Zimmermann). Cond., Ger. th., Riga, 1913–14, Nuremberg 1915–16. Worked in Stettin 1916–21 and Graz 1921–2. Ass. cond. Vienna State Opera 1922–4, earning admiration of R. Strauss of whom he became close friend and great interpreter. Dir., Frankfurt Opera 1924–9; Vienna 1929–34; Berlin 1934–7; Munich 1937–43; Vienna 1947–54. His Munich period was notable for superb standard of prods. Salzburg Fest. début 1926 (Ariadne auf Naxos). London début CG 1934; Amer. début 1929 NYP‐SO; Bayreuth 1953. Frequent cond. of Vienna PO, Frankfurt Museum concerts. Cond. f.p. of Arabella (Dresden 1933), Friedenstag (Munich 1938), Capriccio, for which he wrote part of lib. (Munich 1942), and Die Liebe der Danae (Salzburg 1944 dress reh. and Salzburg 1952). Married sop. Viorica Ursuleac.

Subjects: Music.

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