New York City poet and playwright, whose first collection, Mushrooms (1916), was an attempt to achieve direct simplicity in poetry. He next turned to poetic drama, writing Plays for Poem-Mimes (1918), Plays for Merry Andrews (1920), and Puppet Plays (1923), many of which were first presented by the Provincetown Players. Less Lonely (1923) shows the juxtaposition of personal themes and conventional verse forms; Manhattan Men (1929) represents a midway point between his early experimentation and his later more conventional poetry. His Selected Poems was published in 1945. Troubadour (1925) is the autobiography of his youth on the Lower East Side and his later life in Greenwich Village and elsewhere. His other books include novels and a radio drama, The Planets (1938), a modern pacifist allegory.