(b Atchison, Kansas, 1894; d Elgin, Ill., 1979).
Ger.‐Amer. conductor. New Eng. Cons. 1914–15. Org., St Ann's, NY, 1916–20. Went to Eur. 1920. Ass. cond. Vienna State Opera 1919–24; Cond., Seattle SO 1925–32; Kansas City PO 1933–43; Detroit SO 1943–9. Cond. several opera premières with NY Music Guild.