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Herman Kruyder

(1881—1935)


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(1881–1935). Dutch painter, born in Lage Vuursche. In about 1900 he learned techniques of painting at the School of Arts and Crafts in Haarlem. He later worked as a glass painter in Delft. In 1910 he returned to Haarlem and decided to become a painter, arriving at a distinctive artistic style by 1916. From then he lived in various villages around Haarlem and painted scenes and objects relating to rustic life. One of the main characteristics of his work is that human beings and animals are rendered disproportionately small in relation to their rustic settings, causing them to look like toys. They usually possess large, staring eyes. The clumsily stylized shapes of these figures are made even more incongruous by their extremely meticulous and precise colouring, which reflected Kruyder's skill as a glass painter. Indeed, the general appearance of his works is reminiscent of the painting on Dutch folk pottery. His style seems to represent a point halfway between naive art and Expressionism.

From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Art.


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