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1 One of two types of yoga outlined in Patañjali's Yoga Sūtra, where it is described as consisting of tapas (penance), study (svādhyāya), and devotion to Ῑśvara (2.1–2). Its purpose is to produce samādhi and minimize the effect of the kleśas. See also aṣṭāṅga-yoga.

2 A form of yoga (apparently unrelated to Patañjali's kriyā-yoga), said to be derived from the yoga taught by Kṛṣṇa in the Bhagavadgītā. It is claimed that this ancient tradition was revived in the 19th century by a mysterious guru known as Mahāvatar Babaji. It was disseminated to the West by Paramahaṃsa Yogānanda through his establishment of the California-based Self-Realization Fellowship.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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