Chalcolithic communities occupying southern Baluchistan in the early 3rd millennium bc. Distinguished by their pottery, which is wheel‐made, buff in colour, and with black painted decoration showing elongated zebu cattle, felines, goats, or spiky trees between zones of geometric ornament. Terracotta bull and female figurines are plentiful. Burial is by cremation; settlements comprise small tells with mud‐brick architecture and are associated with evidence of water control and developed agriculture. In the late Kulli Culture there are clear signs of links to the Indus Valley civilization and also to early Dynastic Mesopotamia.