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A Russian term for a mound or barrow covering a burial in a pit‐grave, mortuary house, or catacomb‐grave, comparable with the round barrow of northern Europe. The earliest kurgans date to the 4th millennium bc and carry on being built, with fluctuations in popularity, down into Scythian times. They can also be found amongst the Sarmatians of the steppe zone.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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