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Kyned


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(6th century?),

according to Welsh tradition, was a son of Gildas who married and had at least one son and then became a monk under St Illtud and the founder of Llangenydd in Gower. He later went to Brittany where Ploumelin is the centre of his cult. There is an extraordinary Legend, collected from Welsh sources by John of Tynemouth for N.L.A., which makes him a native of Brittany who was born a cripple, placed in a cradle of osiers, and dropped into a stream which brought him to the island of ‘Henisweryn’, where a series of miracles and angelic intervention assured his survival and education in the Christian faith. He became a hermit and was joined by a servant. This man stole the lance of some robbers whom Kyned received hospitably. Later David cured Kyned of his deformity, but he was displeased and asked for it to be restored as before. In all this farrago a breast-shaped bell, on which oaths were taken, figures prominently; but the tale breaks off abruptly, unfinished. The calendar and place-name tradition points to the historical existence of Kyned, but the Legend seems to be pure invention. Feast: in Brittany, Wales, and England, 1 August; translation, according to William Worcestre, 27 June.

N.L.A., ii. 105–9; Baring-Gould and Fisher, ii. 107–15.

Subjects: Christianity.


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