A series of late Pleistocene occupation sites in Minas Geiras, many of which have lithic industries in association with extinct animal species such as mastodon, sloth, and horse. Human remains may also be present, although controversy surrounds their association with the other materials. Hundreds of rock paintings dating to between 5000 bc and 1000 bc are also represented.
The rock‐shelter of Lapa Vermelha IV was excavated by A. Laming‐Emperarie in the 1970s and has a 13 m deep stratigraphy which includes deposits dating back to before 12 000 bc. Small quartz flakes were recovered. The Cerca Grande Complex contains deposits dating to between 8000 and 6000 bc. Small flakes of rock crystal as well as axes, bone projectile points, and burials are known. The nearby cemetery of Santana do Riacho contained over 50 flexed inhumations.
W. R. Hurt, 1960, The cultural complexes from the Lagoa Santa Region, Brazil. American Antiquity, 62, 569–85