(b. 2 Mar. 1938).
President of Chile, 2000–6 Born in Santiago, he studied law and economics, and taught as a professor at the University of Chile. An adviser to Allende, he went into exile in 1973, and returned in 1978 to teach at the university. One of Pinochet's most prominent critics, he co-founded the Partido por la Democracia (Party for Democracy, PPD) in 1987. He became Minister for Education in 1990, but in 1993 lost the presidential elections to Frei. He continued to serve in the government of the Concertación Democrácia (the centre-left Democratic Alliance), and in 2000 succeeded Frei with the support of the Christian Democrats.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).