Lake Mungo, New South Wales, Australia

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An early occupation site beside the former Willandra Lakes in the arid region of New South Wales. Surveys by J. M. Bowler in 1968 and 1969 revealed midden deposits associated with stone tools belonging to the Australian core tool and scraper tradition dating to between 23 000 and 30 000 years ago. Fossilized skeletal material representing three individuals was found, some of it suggesting deliberate cremation. The Willandra Lakes started to dry up about 15 000 years ago and with growing aridity the area became increasingly deserted.


J. M. R. Bowler, R. Jones, and A. G. Thorne, 1970, Pleistocene human remains from Australia: a living site and human cremation from Lake Mungo, western New South Wales. World Archaeology, 2(1), 39–60

Subjects: Archaeology.

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