Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de

(1744—1829) French naturalist

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French natural historian. In 1778 he published a flora of France, which included a dichotomous identification key, and later worked on the classification of invertebrates, published in a seven-volume natural history (1815–22). In 1809 he put forward a theory of evolution that has become known as Lamarckism (later rejected in favour of Darwinism).

Subjects: Biological Sciences.

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