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Lamiaceae


'Lamiaceae' can also refer to...

Lamiaceae

Lamiaceae

Lamiaceae

Floral Construction and Pollination Biology in the Lamiaceae

Functional implications of the staminal lever mechanism in Salvia cyclostegia (Lamiaceae)

Allozyme Diversity in the Tetraploid Endemic Thymus loscosii (Lamiaceae)

The Essential Oil Secretory Structures of Prostanthera ovalifolia (Lamiaceae)

Allozyme Diversity in Macbridea alba (Lamiaceae), an Endemic Florida Mint

Why Africa matters: evolution of Old World Salvia (Lamiaceae) in Africa

Functionality of Selected Aromatic Lamiaceae in Attracting Pollinators in Central Spain

Manninotriose is a major carbohydrate in red deadnettle (Lamium purpureum, Lamiaceae)

Pollen–Stigma Interference in Two Gynodioecious Species of Lamiaceae with Intermediate Individuals

New Insights into the Functional Morphology of the Lever Mechanism of Salvia pratensis (Lamiaceae)

Population Genetic Structure and Hybridization Patterns in the Mediterranean Endemics Phlomis lychnitis and P. crinita (Lamiaceae)

Genetic Diversity Within and Among Sinai Populations of Three Ballota Species (Lamiaceae)

Acaricidal and Cytotoxic Activities of Extracts from Selected Genera of Australian Lamiaceae

Isozyme Evidence for Natural Hybridization in Phlomis (Lamiaceae): Hybrid Origin of the RareP.×margaritae

Staminal Evolution in the Genus Salvia (Lamiaceae): Molecular Phylogenetic Evidence for Multiple Origins of the Staminal Lever

Catnip, Nepeta cataria (Lamiales: Lamiaceae)—A Closer Look: Seasonal Occurrence of Nepetalactone Isomers and Comparative Repellency of Three Terpenoids to Insects

 

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A family, formerly known as Labiatae, of herbs or low shrubs, comprising a natural group whose members have quadrangular stems and simple leaves without stipules in opposite pairs. Commonly there are apparently whorled spikes of flowers; actually branched cymes are borne in the axils of opposite pairs of bracts but are usually very condensed. The flowers are strongly irregular, with a 5-toothed or 2-lipped calyx and a tubular corolla which is often clearly 2-lipped but may have only the lower lip developed. There are 2 or 4 stamens and a 4-lobed ovary with the style inserted between the 4 lobes. The fruit is composed of 4, separating, 1-seeded nutlets, a clear distinction from those genera of Scrophulariaceae which are superficially similar. Many genera and species (e.g. mints and sages) are used as flavourings, as they contain aromatic, volatile, essential oils. Some of these oils (e.g. menthol and thymol) are used as mild antiseptics. Many species are cultivated for their flowers, others beautify northern temperate woodlands in springtime. There are 224 genera, with about 5600 species, and their main distribution is in tropical and warmer temperate regions.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry.


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