Founder of the Lancasterian system of education. The son of a nonconformist, Lancaster opened a school at Borough Road, south London, in 1798, offering free education to those unable to pay. He divided the pupils into small classes; a group of these classes was supervised by a head monitor. Recognition came in 1805 when George III met Lancaster and promised his support. A Royal Lancasterian Society, later the British and Foreign School Society, was set up in 1808, but Lancaster quarrelled with the trustees and emigrated to America.
Subjects: British History.