(1913–2001; b. Sydney, Australia; d. Sydney, Australia)
Australian medical statistician. Lancaster trained as a doctor, graduating in medicine from U Sydney in 1937. During the Second World War he served as a pathologist. He continued medical work whilst researching the application of the chi-squared distribution to discrete distributions, gaining his PhD in 1953. In 1959 he was appointed to the Chair of Mathematical Statistics at U Sydney where he continued researching after his retirement in 1978. In 1947 he was a founder member of the organization that became the SSAI. For twelve years he was Editor of the Society's journal and served as its President in 1965. He was awarded the Society's Pitman Medal in 1980.
Subjects: Probability and Statistics.