(c. Sept. 913–c. Mar. 914)
Born in Sabine territory north-east of Rome, son of a wealthy Lombard count named Taino, he reigned, according to a contemporary chronicler, six months and eleven days. Nothing is known of his earlier career or of the circumstances of his election, and nothing is recorded of his reign except a benefaction, in pious memory of his father, to the cathedral of Sabina, S. Salvatore in Fornovo, which had been destroyed by the Saracens. In all probability he was the candidate put forward, or at any rate approved, by the powerful family of Theophylact (d. c.920), consul and senator, financial director of the holy see, and his ambitious, energetic wife Theodora (d. after 916), which dominated Rome at this time and effectively controlled the papacy.
LP ii. 239JW i. 448Flodoard, De Chr. trium. 12. 7 (PL 135: 831)EC vii. 887 (A. Ghinato)Z2: 43Levillain ii. 896 (H. Zimmermann)NCE viii. 321–2 (P. Mullins)