(b. West Middlesex, Pennsylvania, 9 Sept. 1887; d. Topeka, Kansas, 12 Oct. 1987)
US; Governor of Kansas 1933–7 Landon was brought up in Ohio and moved with his family to Independence, Kansas, when he was 17. His father was an oil prospector and oil was the reason for the move to Kansas. Landon read law at the state university but decided to follow his father into the oil industry and made himself wealthy. In politics he was a progressive Republican and became chairman of the state. In 1932 he was elected Governor, a year of a Democratic landslide and was the only incumbent Republican Governor to be re-elected in 1934. As Governor, he cut state spending and managed to balance the budget. He easily won the party's nomination to fight the 1936 presidential election. He accepted many of the aims of Roosevelt's New Deal but objected that it was hostile to business and involved too much waste. At the end of the campaign he accused Roosevelt of acquiring so much power that he was subverting the constitution. The election was humiliation for Landon. He carried only Maine and Vermont and lost the popular vote by 67 per cent to 37 per cent. After his term of office as Governor ended, he retired from politics.