(b London, 1588; d London, 1666).
Eng. composer. Protégé of Cecil family 1605–13. Wrote mus. for 4 masques by Ben Jonson. Appointed master of mus. to Prince Charles in 1618, so when the prince became Charles I in 1625 Lanier became first Master of the King's Mus. Held same office under Charles II from 1660. Comp. cantatas and songs. Skilled painter who bought pictures in It. for Charles I between 1625 and 1628, purchasing Duke of Mantua's coll. for over £25,000.