Edwin Ray Lankester was born in London on 15 May 1847 and died there on 15 August 1929. Educated in natural sciences at Cambridge and Oxford, he did postgraduate work at a number of European universities and at the zoological station in Naples. He was Professor of Zoology at University College London from 1875 to 1891, when he was appointed Linacre Professor of Comparative Anatomy at Oxford. He was Director of the natural history departments of the British Museum from 1898 until his retirement in 1907, when he was knighted.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.