British architect best known for his designs for the National Theatre in London. He was knighted in 1976 and appointed CH in 1995.
Educated at Rugby School and the Architectural Association, he went into practice after serving in the army in World War II. Early buildings include Fitzwilliam College in Cambridge (1959), some of the buildings for the University of East Anglia (1963), and the Royal College of Physicians in Regent's Park, London (1961–64). The innovative but much criticized National Theatre (1965–76) was followed by the School of Oriental and African Studies (1970–73) for London University. He has also designed buildings in Israel and Luxembourg. His publications include Architecture in an Age of Scepticism (1984).