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Ancient sources make a useful distinction between Old Latium (Latium Vetus), the land of the ancient Latins, bounded to the NW by the rivers Tiber and Anio and to the east by the Apennines and Lepinus mons, and Greater Latium (Latium Adiectum), which extended SE as far as the borders of Campania. Under Augustus Latium (Adiectum) was combined with Campania to form the first of the fourteen regions of Italy. Physically Latium Vetus consists of a coastal plain (the name is connected etymologically with lātus, ‘broad’) with mountainous spurs extending towards the sea from the Apennines. It is dominated by the volcanic complex of the Alban hills, whose summit, the Albanus mons, rises to nearly 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.).

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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