(b. 2 Feb. 1889, d. 11 Jan. 1952).
French general A commander for the Vichy government in Tunisia, he was arrested in 1942 for pro-Allies sympathies. He escaped in 1943 and became commander of the 1st Free French Army in Algeria, with which he landed in southern France in 1944 and advanced into Austria in 1945. On 8 May 1945 he was the French representative when Germany's surrender was signed. In 1948, he took charge of the Western European Union forces, and from 1950 he was Commander-in-Chief of the French forces in Indochina. He was created marshal of France posthumously.
Subjects: Second World War — Contemporary History (Post 1945).