Lawrence was born in Yorkshire, educated at Haileybury School, and joined the East India Company service in 1830. He achieved celebrity during and after the Sikh wars (1845–6 and 1848–9). As the first commissioner of Jullundur district, he laid the foundations of ‘the Punjab school’ of administration which identified closely with the interests of the peasantry and sought to preserve traditional forms of society and law. He was viceroy of India from 1864 to 1869, and was given his barony on leaving office.
Subjects: British History.