(1783–1865), anatomist, anthropologist, and medical reformer. The son of a leading provincial surgeon, he was educated at Elmore School near Gloucester, then apprenticed to John Abernethy. He became a licentiate of the College of Surgeons in 1805, shortly afterwards establishing his critical reputation with work on hernia and eye diseases [see medicine, 18]. Through Abernethy he gained the post of assistant surgeon at St Bartholomew's and election to the Royal Society in 1813. Within two years he had gained sinecures at the Royal Bridewell and Bethlehem hospitals, and the prestigious Hunterian professorship of Anatomy and Surgery at the College of Surgeons.
From An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945).