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The name of two apparently separate figures in the NT.

1 The poor man in Christ's parable of Dives and Lazarus (Lk. 16: 19–31).

2 The brother of Martha and Mary. According to Jn. 11: 1–44 Christ raised him from the dead.

Some critics have speculated that the story (not mentioned in the Synoptic Gospels) was constructed from the parable. According to E. tradition Lazarus, with Martha, Mary, and others, was put into a leaking boat by the Jews, landed in Cyprus, and became Bp. of Kition: in later W. tradition he was Bp. of Marseilles. Feast day in the E., the Saturday before Palm Sunday; in the W., 17 Dec. and in CW (with Martha and Mary) on 29 July.

Subjects: Christianity.

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