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leadership Theories


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In industrial and organizational psychology, various theories that have been put forward to explain the successful or unsuccessful performance of leaders. Such theories tend to fall into three main categories:Trait theories of leadership focus on the role played by certain key personality traits in the leader. These usually include decisiveness, organizational ability, confidence, and communication skills.Behavioural theories of leadership focus on issues of leadership style, notably the extent to which the leader can be described as task-motivated or relationship-motivated. Contingency theories of leadership attempt to define the different leadership behaviours demanded by different situations.Cognitive theories of leadership focus on the ways in which followers' ideas and perceptions can affect the performance of their leaders.See also path-goal leadership model; situational leadership theory; Tannenbaum–Schmidt continuum; Vroom–Yetton–Jago model.

Trait theories of leadership focus on the role played by certain key personality traits in the leader. These usually include decisiveness, organizational ability, confidence, and communication skills.

Behavioural theories of leadership focus on issues of leadership style, notably the extent to which the leader can be described as task-motivated or relationship-motivated. Contingency theories of leadership attempt to define the different leadership behaviours demanded by different situations.

Cognitive theories of leadership focus on the ways in which followers' ideas and perceptions can affect the performance of their leaders.

Subjects: Business and Management — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.


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