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Is a situation in which a pay deal secured by one group of workers is matched and exceeded by a second group, followed by a third, and so on, generating an escalation of earnings. Pay leapfrogging is likely to be a feature of a fragmented structure of collective bargaining, in which pay negotiations are frequent and cover relatively small groups of employees. Central to the process is the principle of comparability, that earnings and pay increases should be based on those achieved elsewhere, outside the enterprise. [See whipsawing.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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