(1914–88). Born at La Tuque, Quebec, he was educated there, at a secondary school in Ottawa, and at the Université d'Ottawa, which he attended for two years. From 1934 to 1942 he was employed as a radio announcer in Quebec City and Trois-Rivières and by Radio-Canada. He became a popular performer, reading his stories and poems and singing his own songs on the radio, and from 1942 to 1945 acting with the Compagnons de Saint-Laurent. A precursor of the French-Canadian chansonniers who have become internationally popular, from 1951 to 1953 he lived in Paris; he toured Europe and the Near East and was known as ‘Le Canadien’. He received the Grand Prix du Disque in 1951 for his recording of Moi, mes souliers, and twice again. In 1966 he went to Europe, where he remained popular. A militant nationalist, he lived on the Île d'Orléans.
From The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature in Oxford Reference.