A coastal site in Euboea between Chalcis and Eretria, inhabited from the early bronze age until its desertion c.700 bc, perhaps following the Lelantine War (see greece (history), Archaic period). During the Dark Age Lefkandi was an important centre. Cemeteries spanning the 11th to 9th cents. have revealed significant wealth and, from c.950 bc, abundant evidence for contact with Cyprus and the Levant. A unique, massive apsidal building, with external and internal colonnades supporting a steep raking roof, prefigures Greek temple design. Inside the central hall were buried a man and woman, and four horses: woman and horses had apparently been killed in a chieftain's funeral ceremony. After a short life the building was demolished and covered with a mound. Whether it served as a chieftain's house, destroyed following his burial inside, or as a cult‐place erected over a heroic warrior's tomb (see hero‐cult), is debated.
Subjects: Classical Studies — Architecture.