(1826–95). Italian painter, a leading member of the Macchiaioli. After training in the 1840s at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence, he was associated with the movement known as Purismo, inspired by 15th-century Florentine art. In the early 1860s, however, he began to fall under the influence of the Macchiaioli, often painting scenes from the Risorgimento and naturalistic landscapes, rendered with patches of bright colour. Many of his finest paintings date from this decade, when he was a regular visitor to the Batelli family, whose household he often represented. Partly as a result of his poor eyesight, his brushwork became more impressionistic in his later years, as exemplified by Haystacks in the Sun (c. 1890; Piacenza, Gal. d'Arte Moderna Ricci Oddi).
From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.