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A genus of trypanosomatid parasites (order Kinetoplastida; family Trypanosomatidae) that are transmitted by sand flies and are responsible for various diseases in vertebrates. Leishmania major causes leishmaniasis (q.v.) in humans, and its 32.8 mb genome has been sequenced and predicted to contain 8,272 protein-coding genes on its 36 chromosomes. See Classification, Protoctista, Zoomastigina; Chronology, 2005, Ivens et al.; Trypanosoma.

Subjects: Medicine and Health — Genetics and Genomics.

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