(1824–1903), Philadelphia author and editor, whose early teachers included Bronson Alcott, attended the College of New Jersey and universities in Heidelberg and Munich. His first book, Meister Karl's Sketch-Book (1855), was halfway between the Irving tradition and his own dialect humor, which asserted itself in Hans Breitmann's Barty, published in Graham's Magazine (May 1857) during his brief editorship. He continued to write amusing dialect poems, which were finally gathered in Hans Breitmann's Ballads (1914). He edited Vanity Fair (1860–61), The Knickerbocker Magazine (1861), and a strong Union paper, The Continental Monthly (1862–63). His many activities included the study of gypsy lore and language, about which he wrote; Roman historical and literary scholarship; the study of Indian legends; mystic and occult knowledge; and the introduction of industrial education in public schools.
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.