Louis-Edouard Lemarchand


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(b Paris, 9 Oct 1795; d Paris, 1872). French cabinetmaker. He was the son of Charles-Joseph Lemarchand (1759-1826), a cabinetmaker of repute in Paris during the Empire period. After fighting in the Battle of Waterloo (1815), Louis-Edouard returned to Paris to take over his father's firm. In 1846 he entered into a partnership with André Lemoyne and retired in 1852, although the firm continued under Lemoyne until 1893. Lemarchand became official cabinetmaker to both Charles X and Louis-Philippe, supplying furniture for at least five royal palaces. Furniture from these commissions includes bookcases in Boulle marquetry (Versailles, Château) and two consoles (1838; Versailles, Grand Trianon). He continued to produce his furniture in the Empire style, a taste that clearly accorded with his political preferences. The craftsmanship of his work remained high and dating can be difficult, although after 1820 a preference for lighter-coloured woods is evident. An album of his designs is in the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, and some of his designs were published by Pierre La Mésangère in Collection de meubles et objets de goût between 1802 and 1835. His most famous work was the ebony coffin (Paris, Invalides) ordered by the government in 1840 for the ashes of Napoleon when they were brought back from St Helena.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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