A Frenchman, he served as a volunteer with the American forces during the War of Independence from 1777, and designed a large Neo-Classical pavilion in Philadelphia to commemorate the birth of the Dauphin (1782). He remodelled the City Hall, NYC, as the Congress or Federal Hall of the USA (1788–9—demolished 1812). From 1789 he was involved in the design of the new Federal Capital of Washington, DC, where the plan was on the grandest lines, owing something to Baroque precedents, especially Versailles.
Caemmerer (1970);Kite (ed.) (1929);Reiff (1977);Reps (1967);W&K (1983)
Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Arts and Humanities.