1st duke of Lennox, Esmé Stewart


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4th earl of Morton, James Douglas (c. 1516—1581)

13th earl of Lennox, Matthew Stewart (1516—1571) magnate and regent of Scotland

1st earl of Gowrie, William Ruthven (c. 1541—1584)

Ruthven raid


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Lennox was a comet who blazed across the Scottish sky and was gone. His father was a brother of Matthew Stewart, earl of Lennox and regent 1570–1. He held the seigniory of Aubigny in France, to which his son succeeded in 1567. In 1579 Lennox arrived in Scotland, an exotic visitor from the court of France, and captivated the 13‐year‐old James VI. He was created earl of Lennox, and in 1581 was promoted to duke. Meanwhile he had announced his conversion to protestantism and brought down the regent, Morton. In 1582 James was seized by Gowrie and other lords in the Ruthven raid and forced to order Lennox to leave the kingdom. He died shortly afterwards.

Subjects: British History.

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