Pope from 1048. He at once began the reform of the Church from its decadence of 150 years and did much to foster a new ideal of the Papacy. At the Easter Synod of 1049 celibacy was enforced on all the clergy, and soon afterwards various Councils promulgated decrees against simony and other abuses. At a synod in Rome in 1050 Berengar of Tours was condemned for his Eucharistic doctrine. Feast day, 19 Apr.
Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).