(died 480 bc)
King of Sparta. He won immortal fame when he commanded a Greek force against the invading Persian army at the pass of Thermopylae. He held the pass long enough to make possible the naval operation at Artemisium (Greek‐Persian wars). When counter‐attacked he remained behind with 300 Spartans and 700 Thespians, and died fighting – an action which allowed his allies to escape.
Subjects: Classical Studies — World History.