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A group of bacterial zoonoses caused by leptospira. These include Weil's disease (rat-bite fever), traditionally an occupational disease of sewer workers that is transmitted by rats, an ongoing occupational disease of cane field workers, and a cause of chronic renal failure in endemic areas, where frogs and toads maintain the organism in the environment. Another disease in this family is canicola fever, usually a milder condition, transmitted by dogs.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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