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13th earl of Lennox, Matthew Stewart

(1516—1571) magnate and regent of Scotland


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(1516–71).

The great‐grandmother of Lennox was a daughter of James II of Scotland. Lennox spent some years in France and was hostile to the English interest until Henry VIII gave him his niece Lady Margaret Douglas in marriage in 1544. The double royal connection made him a person of some consequence. During Mary's reign, he and his wife, both catholics, were in high favour, but Elizabeth regarded them with suspicion. He was confined to the Tower in 1562 and was again in disgrace after 1565 when his son Lord Darnley married Mary, queen of Scots. Elizabeth allowed him to return to Scotland and in 1570 had him elected regent for his grandson, but took the precaution of keeping the countess in England. Civil war in Scotland ensued and in 1571 he was stabbed in Edinburgh by a partisan of Mary.

Subjects: British History.


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