A simple machine consisting of a rigid bar pivoted about a fulcrum. The mechanical advantage or force ratio of a lever (the ratio of load to effort) is equal to the ratio of the perpendicular distance of the line of action of the effort from the fulcrum to the perpendicular distance of the line of action of the load from the fulcrum. In a first-order lever the fulcrum comes between load and effort. In a second-order lever the load comes between the fulcrum and the effort. In a third-order lever the effort comes between the fulcrum and the load.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Science and Mathematics.