(b. 24 Aug. 1922, d. 1 Nov. 1987).
Premier of Quebec 1976–85 Born in Campbellton (New Brunswick), after service as a war correspondent during World War II Lévesque joined Radio Canada International and became one of Quebec's best-known commentators. In 1960 he was elected to the provincial legislature for the Liberal Party. He held various ministries and was reponsible, for example, for the nationalization of Hydro-Quebec. Disillusioned with the Liberal position on constitutional issues, he founded the Parti Québécois (PQ) in 1968. He won the 1976 provincial elections and made French the only official language of Quebec. However, he failed to gain popular approval in a 1980 referendum on greater autonomy for the province, losing to a campaign led by Trudeau and Chrétien. He also failed to gain sympathy for Quebec's concerns for greater autonomy at the 1981–2 constitutional negotiations (Canadian Constitution, Patriation of). His popularity waned as he introduced large public-sector spending cuts. He resigned to resume his career in journalism.quiet revolution
Subjects: History of the Americas — Contemporary History (Post 1945).