(b Giessen, 1839; d Munich, 1900). Ger. conductor. Held cond. posts at Saarbrücken, Rotterdam, and Karlsruhe (1864–72) before becoming chief cond. Munich Opera 1872–96. Fine interpreter of Wagner; cond. f.p. of Parsifal, Bayreuth 1882, and mus. at Wagner's funeral. Rev. libs. of Mozart operas and trans. text of Berlioz's Les Troyens. Comp. pf. conc.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.