Son of Johann Ludwig, a German binder who emigrated to London. Apprenticed to Walther, after becoming free in 1807 he built up a highly successful binding business, employing over twenty staff by the 1820s. He was patronized by many of the leading collectors of the time, including Grenville, Heber, and Earl Spencer. The business continued under the management of F. Bedford, 1836–41.
From The Oxford Companion to the Book in Oxford Reference.