(b Los Angeles, 1932; d NY, 1996).
Amer. conductor, clarinettist, and double‐bass player. Db. in Los Angeles PO. Member and later cond. US 7th Army SO 1955–7. Founder and dir. String Soc. of Los Angeles (later Los Angeles Chamber Orch.). Ass. cond. Los Angeles PO 1961–5, mus. dir. Los Angeles Opera Co. 1965–8. Prin. cond. NJ SO 1968–76. NY Met début 1972 (La bohème), first black cond. to work there. Chief cond. Dutch Radio SO, Hilversum, from 1989.