Printmaker and painter. Capturing the era's emerging modernity, his characteristic prints depict the urban America that interested the American Scene movement. Although Lewis's work rarely achieves his friend Edward Hopper's nuanced evocation of mood, he vividly combined sharp observation and dramatic light effects to convey the restless energy of modern city life as well as its occasional menace. In the many night scenes for which he is particularly known, long shadows provide both mysterious overtones and intriguing compositional effects, as in Relics (1928). Lewis was born in Castlemain, Victoria, Australia, and briefly studied art in Sydney. After arriving in San Francisco in 1900, he soon moved permanently to New York. In the aftermath of the Armory Show, he experimented for a short time in his paintings with modernist color effects. About 1915 he turned to etching and drypoint as his preferred media.